St Raphael Kalinowski of St. Joseph

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Memorial: 19 Nov.

Raphael Kalinowski was born to an aristocratic Polish family in the city of Vilnius, Lithuania in 1835, and at baptism received the name Joseph. Following military service, he was condemned in 1864 to ten years of forced labour in Siberia. In 1877 he became a Discalced Carmelite and was ordained priest in 1882. He contributed greatly to the restoration of the Discalced Carmelites in Poland. His life was distinguished by zeal for Church unity and by his unflagging devotion to his ministry as confessor and spiritual director. His spiritual life is marked by continual prayer fed by austerity and silence. He also wrote several books on Carmelite spirituality. He died in Wadowice in 1907 and buried in Czerna. He was canonized by Pope John Paul II on 17 November 1991.

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